MAMRE (Heb. מַמְרֵא), oak grove near hebron which was one of the favorite dwelling places of Abraham (Abram; Gen. 13:18); it is also the name of one of the clans of Hebron which was an ally of Abraham (14:13, 24). At Mamre, Abraham learned of the captivity of Lot and received the three angels (14:13; 18:1). It is described in Genesis 23:17 as having Machpelah "before" it; elsewhere, it is identified with Hebron (23:19; 35:27). In the time of Josephus, a tree some distance north of Hebron was assumed to be the "terebinth" of Abraham (Ant., 1:186; Wars, 4:533). In the Mishnah (Ma'as. 5:2), the site appears as Elath, one day's journey from Jerusalem, and in the Talmud (TJ, Av. Zar. 1:4, 38d) and the Midrash (Gen. R. 47:10) as Butnah (Butnan), the site of a famous trade fair where Hadrian sold the captives of the Bar Kokhba War into slavery. Later Christian sources refer to the site as a place of prayer; Constantine built a church there (which is shown on the Madaba Map). Jews, Christians, and pagans worshiped together there until the Arab conquest. The site is now identified with Rāmat al-Khalīl, 2 mi. (3.2 km.) north of Hebron. E.A. Mader, excavating there in 1926–28, cleared a Herodian enclosure wall, some blocks of which measure 14 × 4 ft. (4.3 × 1.2 m.). At its southwest corner was a well into which pilgrims threw gifts and money. In the eastern part of the enclosure, Constantine built a basilica measuring 60 × 50 ft. (19 × 16 m.), with a double narthex, a nave, and two aisles. Pottery from the ninth and eighth centuries B.C.E. indicates that the site was inhabited under the kings of Judah. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: E.H. Mader, Mamre, 2 vols. (1957); D. Winton Thomas (ed.), Archaeology and Old Testament Study (1967), index. (Michael Avi-Yonah)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Mamre — The Constantine church at Mamre appears on the Madaba Map …   Wikipedia

  • Mamre — (a. Geogr.), Therebinthenhain in Judäa, unweit Hebron, Sitz Abrahams, gegenüber die Höhle Machpelach, wo Sara, Abraham u. die Patriarchen begraben wurden. Beim Hain M. war großer Markt, u. zu Constantins des Großen Zeiten war noch ein heidnischer …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mamre — Mamre, Terebinthenhain in Palästina, unweit Hebron, mit der Höhle Machpela, wo Sara, Abraham, Isaak und Jakob begraben wurden. Die mohammedanische Tradition sucht diese Stätte in Hebron selbst, die christliche eine halbe Stunde nordwestlich davon …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mamre — Mamre, Amoriterfürst in Hebron, in dessen Gebiet Abraham unter Eichen seine Zelte aufschlug (1 Mos. 14, 13) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mamre — Die so genannte „Eiche Abrahams“ auf dem Gelände des russisch orthodoxen Heilig Geist Klosters in Hebron Der Hain Mamre ist nach der Bibel (Gen 13,18 EU) ein Wohnort Abrahams, des …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mamre —    Manliness.    1) An Amoritish chief in alliance with Abraham (Gen. 14:13, 24).    2) The name of the place in the neighbourhood of Hebron (q.v.) where Abraham dwelt (Gen. 23:17, 19; 35:27); called also in Authorized Version (13:18) the plain… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Mamre — Mạmre,   in der Vulgata Mạmbre, altisraelitisches Heiligtum, 4 km nördlich von Hebron, heute Ramet el Chalil. Nach 1. Mose 13, 18 zeltete Abraham bei den Eichen, am Brunnen von Mamre, und baute einen Altar. Bei Ausgrabungen (1926 28) wurden die …   Universal-Lexikon

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  • Mamre H. Ward — was a member of the Wisconsin State Assembly. Biography Ward was born on January 16, 1899 in Durand, Wisconsin.[1] He passed away in 1969. Career Ward was a member of the Assembly from 1951 to 1958. He was a Republican. References ^ …   Wikipedia

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